Immigrants are central to the identity of the United States, the population of which has grown in number and diversity as a function of new arrivals from around the globe. The Dendrochronology of United States Immigration is a visualization project leveraging arboreal visual metaphors to explore the contribution of immigrants to the country’s population. Immigrants and native-born persons are represented and differentiated as cells in trees, with layered annual rings capturing patterns of population growth. These rings register, in their shape and color, certain environmental conditions. In order to mimic the natural process by which growth rings are formed (the science of which is called dendrochronology), this project devises a computational system that generates tree rings as if cells were data-units.

Collaborative work with Pedro M. Cruz, John Wihbey, and Avni Ghael (Northeastern University).


2021 · Comunidades Visibles: The Materiality of Migration

           Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, USA

2020 · Seeing Numbers

           Brickbottom Artists Association, Somerville, USA

2019 · Who We Are

           Museum of the City of New York, New York, USA

2019 · III Trans-disciplinary & Trans-national Festival of Art & Science

           University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

2018 · II Trans-disciplinary & Trans-national Festival of Art & Science

           School of Visual Arts, New York, USA

2018 · Naturalizing Immigration

           Northeastern Center for the Arts, Boston, USA

2018 · Mapping Worlds

           Spaceus, Cambridge, USA

2018 · IEEE VIS 2018 Arts Program

           Berlin, Germany

2018 · Presente Futuro. Design Para a Mudança

           Museu do Design e da Moda, Lisbon, Portugal


2020 · Mapping immigration flow through tree rings

           Allen Hillery

2018 · A new way of seeing 200 years of American immigration


2018 · This stunning visualization proves America is a nation of immigrants

           Fast Company

2018 · 200 years of U.S. immigration looks like the rings of a tree

           National Geographic

2018 · Process of simulating tree rings for immigration in the U.S.



2018 · Winner gold: Most Beautiful Visualization

           The Kantar Information is Beautiful Awards

2018 · Winner gold: People, Language & Identity

           The Kantar Information is Beautiful Awards